Posted by Noa on March 21, 2000, at 18:09:24
In reply to Re: Me? Bipolar III- Noa, posted by Noa on March 21, 2000, at 17:47:09
Here is one citation. I gotta go--you can only use the internet at the library for 30 minutes if anyone is waiting.
: Psychiatr Clin North Am 1999 Sep;22(3):517-34, vii
Related Articles, Books, LinkOut
The evolving bipolar spectrum. Prototypes I, II, III, and IV.
Akiskal HS, Pinto O
Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, USA.
This article argues for the necessity of a partial return to Kraepelin's broad concept of
manic-depressive illness, and proposes definitions--and provides prototypical cases--to illustrate
the rich clinical phenomenology of bipolar subtypes I through IV. Although considerable evidence
supports such extensions of bipolarity encroaching upon the territory of major depressive
disorder, further research is needed in this area. From a practice standpoint, the compelling
reason for broadening the bipolar spectrum lies in the utility of mood stabilizers as augmentation
or monotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorders with soft bipolar features falling
short of the current strict standards for the diagnosis of bipolar II and hypomania in DSM-IV and